Depression Blues and the Dance Marathon

they-shoot-horsesDance marathons were phenomena that began in the 1920’s. They Shoot Horses, Don’t They? Horace McCoy’s 1935 novel is a dark tale of losers desperately attempting to hang on to impossible dreams. Just like in Nathaniel West better known novel, Day of the Locust the characters all have unreachable dreams of being in the movies. Continue reading “Depression Blues and the Dance Marathon”

Favorite Authors: Tony Hillerman

tony-hillermanNew Mexico is a state my wife and I have visited and photographed many times over the years. Returning after one of our earliest trips, a co-worker introduced us to the work of author Tony Hillerman. Hillerman is best known for his Navajo Tribal Police mysteries featuring Jim Chee and Joe Leaphorn. Hillerman’s in-depth knowledge and appreciation of Navajo culture are superbly detailed in his work. Above all, they are all great reads.

hillerman2Hillerman was not the first mystery writer to introduce a fictional Native American detective. However, he brought a new depth of understanding and revealed to many how sophisticated the Navajo nation was. His first novel in the series, The Blessing Way came out in 1970; eighteen books later, his last, The Shape Shifter, was published.  Hillerman’s novels are so well versed in the Navajo ways they are used as educational tools in Navajo schools.

hillermanSome years later, in 2008, during another one of our trips to New Mexico, we stopped by a local bookstore in Albuquerque’s Old Town. We were on the hunt for a couple of Southwestern flavored mystery novels to read on the plane ride back home. We asked the proprietor if any new Hillerman books were coming out. We mentioned how we have not seen one in quite some time. He sadly informed us that Hillerman, a steady visitor to his store over the years, was seriously ill and he doubted there would be any more books forthcoming.  We learned a short time late Tony Hillerman died in Albuquerque on October 26, 2008.

    Hillerman’s career as an author has roots going back to 1963 when he, with the blessing of his wife, enrolled in the graduate program for creative writing at the University of New Mexico. He received his master’s degree in 1965. He wrote a collection of essays on life in New Mexico called The Great Taos Bank Robbery as his thesis. His work was so well liked he was asked to stay on and teach journalism. [1]

MoonWhile still working in the academic world he wrote his first novel, The Blessing Way, featuring Joe Leaphorn. It was published in 1970. The book became a finalist in the Edgar Allan Poe Award for Best First Novel.[2] Hillerman continued to write but it was not until the publication of his 1986 book, A Thief of Time, that he became a bestselling author.

Tony Hillerman was born in Sacred Heart, Oklahoma on May 27th, 1925. The youngest of three children, he served in the Army (103rd Infantry Division) during World War II earning himself a Silver Star, a Bronze Star, and a Purple Heart after being wounded in 1945. After the war, Hillerman attended the University of Oklahoma where he would meet his future wife, Marie Unzer. Between the years of 1948 and 1963, he worked as a journalist for a variety of newspapers including the Morning Press-Constitution (Oklahoma), Borger News Herald (Texas) and The New Mexican (Santa Fe) where he became the paper’s top editor.

Four of Hillerman’s novels have been turned into movies, one a feature film and three made for television.  The first film, The Dark Wind, was made in 1991. It was co-produced by Robert Redford, a Hillerman admirer, and directed by documentary filmmaker Errol Morris. Lou Diamond Philips starred as Jim Chee and Fred Ward as Joe Leaphorn. Sadly, the film had a troubled history and never saw a big screen release in theaters. It did make it to DVD. Redford called it “ill-conceived” as well as miscast in what he hoped would be the start of a series of films based on Hillerman’s work.

SkinwIt would take Robert Redford more than ten years and a different direction to bring three more Hillerman novels to the screen; the small screen. Skinwalkers (2002) premiered on PBS and became the highest-rated program of the year for the network. The film starred Adam Beach as Jim Chee and Wes Studi as Joe Leaphorn. PBS quickly agreed to do two more Hillerman based films, Coyote Waits and A Thief in Time. The three films complement the novels and are an excellent way to extend the pleasures of Hillerman’s tales.

In 2013, Anne Hillerman, Tony’s daughter,[3] published her first novel, Spider Woman’s Daughter, a continuation of the Jim Chee/Joe Leaphorn series along with Chee’s new bride Bernadette Manuelito.  Anne’s second Jim Chee/Joe Leaphorn novel, Rock with Wings, was published in 2015. Anne’s third novel in the series, Song of the Lion, will be published  this coming April. Sad as it is that Tony Hillerman is no long with us, it is good to know the series continues.

Netflix is currently streaming the  three PBS films under the title, Skinwalkers: The Navajo Mysteries. It come across as a three part TV series but it’s not. They are three separate movies


[1] Stead, Deborah, New York Times, Tony Hillerman’s Cross Cultural Mystery Novels, August 16, 1988.

[2] Tony Hillerman Country Website.

[3] Anne Hillerman previously worked with her father on the non-fiction book, Tony Hillerman’s Landscape: On the Road with Chee and Leaphorn




Love Locks in Maine

love-locks-1-of-1No one knows exactly where the “love lock” thing began but it has spread around to areas as diverse as Brooklyn, Tokyo and Paris as well as other cities and towns around the world. Lovers throughout declaring their love for one another by writing their names on a padlock and securing it on a waterfront fence then tossing the key into the water.

The photograph you see here I took last year in Portland, Maine where the “love lock” tradition began sometime in early 2013. It was on Commercial Street which runs along Portland’s waterfront. The area  is a big tourist spot and the locks have become a sight for visitors to look out for.

Close up

Surprisingly, there have been few, if any, complaints from residents, shop owners and the local government. What is unknown is what will happen if and when the locks become rusted overtime or become so abundant they become an eyesore for many.

Thoughts on Carrie Fisher and Debbie Reynolds

debbieThe twin deaths of Carrie Fisher and Debbie Reynolds within twenty four hours of each other brings 2016 to a devastating finish  for multiple generations of film lovers. Reynolds bursted on to the screen in what many consider the greatest musical film ever made, Singin’ in the Rain. Her career survived one of the most famous scandals in Hollywood. She did it all with grace and style.

Reynolds most memorable roles, for me, along with Singin’ in the Rain were in the underrated drama, The Rat Race and comedies like The Gazebo, Goodbye Charlie, Divorce – American Style and Albert Brooks wonderful film, Mother. On TV, she was a perfect fit as Grace’s mother, Bobbie Alder in Will and Grace.

Three decades later her daughter, Carrie Fisher, became the first liberated sci-fi screen heroine. As princess Leia, Fisher inspired many young girls to break barriers here on earth just like her legendary character did in a galaxy far, far away. While I saw the first four Star War films, I was never a big fan of the series. For me, Fisher’s most memorable roles were in Shampoo, The Blues Brothers and When Harry Met Sally.

I always admired Fisher for her soul baring acerbic wit. As someone said, a few days ago, I don’t remember who, Carrie was the  Dorothy Parker of our day. She was a great interview, never holding back, coming across as both cutting and vulnerable in discussing her addictions, relationships and mental illness. Her books were just as open. Postcards From the Edge, her first novel was to some extent based on her own life, as were her other written works.

HBO has been working on a documentary that takes a look at the mother/daughter relationship. Bright Lights: Starring Carrie Fisher and Debbie Reynolds airs in March 2017.

Photographer Jerry Uelsmann at FMOPA


I became an admirer of Jerry Uelsmann’s work sometime in the 1970’s. I am  vague on how he first came to my attention. Like many photographers I discovered back then, It was either through an exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art in New York or an Aperture monograph of his work that I discovered in the Museum’s bookshop. Either way, I became an admirer of the artist’s work and have been ever since.  Uelsmann is a master of surrealistic images created in the darkroom. Using multiple negative images, many photographed specifically to be used as just one element of the final print,  he experiments, studying the possibilities until he arrive at the moment his imagination has been searching for.

Today with digital photography, photoshop and lightroom many photographers can create similar images in much less time rarely, if ever, as good. Despite the digital revolution, Uelsmann, now in his 80’s, continues to use the darkroom as his paintbrush.

I bring all this up because, currently on view at the Florida Museum of Photographic Arts in Tampa, Florida, an exhibit called Jerry Uelsmann: Undiscovered Self is on view. My wife and I went to see it yesterday afternoon and it reminded of how much and why I admire Uelsmann’s original and interpretive work.

The exhibit runs through December.